C'est la Vie – comme ci comme ça

August 10, 2010

卢森堡(94)- 什么是博士?

Filed under: Uncategorized — hitzws @ 4:25 PM

美国犹他大学的助理教授Matt Might,用这组图解释,博士学位到底是什么意思。他说,每年都有新生的入学教育,但是有些观点语言说不清楚,不如画图。

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1. 假设人类所有的知识,就是一个圆。圆的内部代表已知,圆的外部代表未知。
Imagine a circle that contains all of human knowledge:
2. 读完小学,你有了一些最基本的知识。
By the time you finish elementary school, you know a little:
3. 读完中学,你的知识又多了一点。
By the time you finish high school, you know a bit more:
4. 读完本科,你不仅有了更多的知识,而且还有了一个专业方向。
With a bachelor’s degree, you gain a specialty:
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5.读完硕士,你在专业上又前进了一大步。
A master’s degree deepens that specialty:
6. 进入博士生阶段,你大量阅读文献,接触到本专业的最前沿。
Reading research papers takes you to the edge of human knowledge:
7. 你选择边界上的一个点,也就是一个非常专门的问题,作为自己的主攻方向。
Once you’re at the boundary, you focus:
8. 你在这个点上苦苦思索,也许需要好几年。
You push at the boundary for a few years:
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9. 终于有一天,你突破了这个点。
Until one day, the boundary gives way:
10. 你把人类的知识向前推进了一步,这时你就成为博士了。
And, that dent you’ve made is called a Ph.D.:
11. 现在你就是最前沿,其他人都在你身后。
Of course, the world looks different to you now:
12. 但是,不要陶醉在这个点上,不要把整张图的样子忘了。
So, don’t forget the bigger picture:

From http://matt.might.net/articles/phd-school-in-pictures/
阮一峰译 http://www.ruanyifeng.com/blog/2010/08/illustrated_guide_to_a_phd.html

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